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Perth is the state capital of Western Australia. Directly facing the Indian Ocean to the west, it is a seaside metropolis situated along the western coastline of mainland Australia. It is the largest city in the state, as well as the fourth most populous in the country, thanks to its population of close to 1.7 million residents. Its total land area of 5,386 square kilometres encompasses many Local Government Areas, State Districts, and Federal Divisions.

Perth was the first full-scale European settlement in the Swan River Colony-the area that was later to be known as Western Australia. The town was established in June 1829 by Sir James Stirling (an Admiral in the British Royal Navy) as the colony's political centre. The locality was named after the Scottish town of Perth at the request of Sir George Murray (an officer in the British Army, as well as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies between May 1828 and November 1830), who was born there.

In 1962, Perth became known worldwide as the "City of Light" when American astronaut, John Herschel Glenn, Jr. passed overhead the metropolis at the helm of the spacecraft, Friendship 7. The city's residents lit their homes and streets during the event-hence, the nickname. The act was repeated in 1998 as Glenn again passed overhead, this time aboard a space shuttle. In 2011, the British weekly newsmagazine, The Economist, ranked it eighth (albeit tied with another) in its list of the "World's Most Livable Cities".

Foreign and domestic tourists alike are regularly drawn to Perth because of its numerous attractions. As such, tourism has become a thriving industry, and it contributes to other local industries as well.

An educational way to experience and enjoy Perth is by exploring its culture and history, and the city has much to offer in this regard. Some of the metropolitan area's most relevant locales include the Aboriginal Artists Galleries, Armadale History House, Art Gallery and Museum, Aviation Heritage Museum, Berndt Museum, Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts, and The Art Gallery of Western Australia.

Experiencing Perth's nature and wildlife is likewise enjoyable, and there is much in the metropolitan area to make this possible. Some of the most notable locations where one might appreciate the region's flora and fauna include Caversham Wildlife Park, Cohunu Koala Park, Ellis Brook Valley Reserve, John Forrest National Park, Nambung National Park, Naturaliste Marine Discovery Centre, Penguin Island, Rottnest Island, and Walyunga National Park.

Alternatively, locals and visitors alike can visit Perth's numerous fun and leisure facilities, like Adventure World, Burswood Park, Cordelia Gardens, Hyde Park, Infants' Butterfly Garden, Kings Park and Botanic Gardens, Mobile Laser Skirmish WA, Stirling Gardens, Supreme Court Gardens, and Whiteman Park.

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St Georges Terrace the main street in the city of Perth runs parallel to the Swan River through the central business district
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